The .TV would not be spared by the new ccTLD plan – Domain Name Wire
The country code organization submits the ccTLD retirement plan to ICANN.
The Country Code Name Support Organization (ccNSO) submitted a new recommendation Politics (pdf) on the ccTLD withdrawal process for approval by the ICANN Board of Directors.
The plan updates the process for removing country code domains and gives ICANN a defined procedure for removing domains. As part of the plan, the withdrawal process begins if a change is made to the ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 code element. The ISO list includes the two-letter country codes assigned to each country.
A recent example of changing country codes occurred when Yugoslavia split into Serbia and Montenegro. Yugoslavia’s .yu was eventually removed, and Serbia got .rs and Montenegro got .me. These ccTLDs correspond to their ISO country codes.
The updated plan formulates a procedure and a timetable for these retirements. When a trigger event occurs, the IANA Naming Functions (IFO) operator will notify the ccTLD manager that the extension will be removed from the root in 5 years. The manager can request an extension of up to 5 years, but it is up to the IFO to approve this request.
So what does this have to do with .TV? .TV is the country code for Tuvalu, a country in the west-central Pacific Ocean. The average height of the islands is less than 2 meters, and climate change impacts its habitability. While it doesn’t appear that there is a very short-term threat to Tuvalu’s existence, it is likely to disappear one day.
Without calling it by name, ccNSO policy mentions Tuvalu as an borderline case. The report refers to a situation in which “The island state is disappearing, but the interests (was: ‘commercial interests’ intended to keep the ccTLD ‘alive’.” The answer: “If the code element is removed, the ccTLD is eligible for retirement. The reason for the withdrawal is irrelevant.
I suspect that if a heavily used and commercialized ccTLD were to face retirement, there would be significant pressure on ICANN to make an exception.